Among the things you will come across in your route to taking care of your kidney are a bunch of kidney-related terminologies you may have heard of the first time. But don’t worry because in this update, we are going to give light to terms you will mostly encounter when speaking to professionals about your kidney and/or when reading things related to kidney.
Without further ado, here’s a simple list of kidney terminologies you should be aware of.
Bladder – this the muscular sac in our body that will receive and hold the urine produced by our kidney. Its position is just above and behind the pubic bone.
Blood pressure – in medicine, this a measure of how hard the blood is pushing against the inner walls of the blood vessels.
High blood pressure – then there is this level of blood pressure. High meaning the force is too high. This condition can lead to heart attacks and strokes as the forceful pressure puts extra strain on our arteries as well as our heart.
Chronic – in health conditions, means constantly recurring and/or persisting for a long time. Thus, if an illness is tagged as chronic it would cause some long-term health problems.
Chronic disease – a disease that would last for many years, if not forever. This also has a tendency to get worse as time passes by. Generally, this can’t be prevented by vaccines or cured by medication.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) – based on the preceding meanings, this means your kidneys are damaged and can no longer do their blood filtration job like they did when they’re healthy.
Diabetes – when our body can’t make insulin, a hormone produced by our pancreas, or can’t use it the right way causes a form of diabetes. Insulin regulates the amount of glucose in our blood.
Dialysis – a kidney failure treatment in which it does some of the things done by healthy kidneys such as filtering waste products and extra water from our blood.
GFR (glomerular filtration rate) – a kidney test taken to measure the level of kidney function and determine the stage of kidney disease.
Kidneys – these are the two bean-shaped organs in our body. Their main function is to clean our blood, help generate red blood cells and keep our bones healthy.
Kidney disease – a condition when our kidneys no longer function that way they should normally be or have lost their ability to perform some functions. This condition can be treated.
Kidney failure – a condition when our kidneys have lost their ability to perform all functions. In this condition, our kidneys have stopped working. Thus, kidney transplant or dialysis treatment would be needed.
Red blood cells – these are the cells in our blood that carry oxygen to all parts of our body.
Risk factors – these are basically things that elevate the risk on something. Diabetes, for instance, increases our risk for kidney disease.
Symptoms – those abnormalities we notice in our body that signals us that something is not right. These irregularities could be a sign for an illness or disease.
Transplant – a medical procedure wherein the faulty organ is removed and replaced with a healthy one.
Ureters – these serve as the ducts or tubes where the urine flows through from the kidneys to the bladder.
Urethra – a tube that facilitates the release of urine when it’s due to leave our body from the bladder.
Urinary tract – others refer to this as urinary system. It’s the body’s drainage system responsible for passing urine from kidneys down to renal pelvis, into the bladder and out of the body when due for urination.