The health of the kidneys is measured by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This is a measurement of how many milli-litres (mL) of filtered fluid flow through the kidneys per minute (min). The GFR of healthy kidneys is above 90mL/min.
Haemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Anaemia is a condition that results when the level of haemoglobin or haematocrit is below normal. This condition may be temporary, a consequence of other health conditions, or due to a chronic disease. People with mild anaemia may experience mild to no symptoms at all. On the other hand, those with chronic anaemia may experience fatigue and shortness of breath, causing them difficulties in carrying out their day-to-day activities.
Diabetes mellitus, usually called diabetes, is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. A high blood sugar level can cause problems in many parts of your body.